#pictorial :: publishing timeline

PrintMus_038
(Peter Small demonstrating the use of the Gutenberg press at the International Printing Museum. – source: wiki, credit: vlasta2)

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink. (Wikipedia)

1024px-Koenig's_steam_press_-_1814
(Koenig’s 1814 steam-powered printing press – credit: Meggs, Philip B. A History of Graphic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998)
Commercial._Le_Samedi_BAnQ_P48S1P03551(We see a Miehle brand letterpress machine operated by two workers standing on a platform in the newspaper’s Saturday, located at 975 rue St-Denis in Montreal. 1939 – credit: Conrad Poirier)

Linotype_Simplex_1895
(Linotype Simplex, Zeilensetz- und Gießmaschine, Mergenthaler Linotype Co., New York, um 1895; Exponat im Technischen Museum Wien – credit: Dr. Bernd Gross)

The Linotype machine is a “line casting” machine used in printing sold by the Mergenthaler Linotype Company and related companies. It was a hot metal typesetting system that cast blocks of metal type for individual uses. Linotype became one of the mainstay methods to set type, especially small-size body text, for newspapers, magazines and posters from the late 19th century to the 1970s and 1980s, when it was largely replaced by phototypesetting, offset lithography printing and computer typesetting. The name of the machine comes from the fact that it produces an entire line of metal type at once, hence a line-o’-type, a significant improvement over the previous industry standard, i.e., manual, letter-by-letter typesetting using a composing stick and drawers of letters. (Wikipedia)

Also: Typography

1017px-Bogenoffsetmaschine-2-1980
(Einfarben-Bogenoffset-Druckmaschine, Type “Roland Favorit RF01”, Baujahr 1980
Hersteller: M.A.N.-Roland Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft, Offenbach am Main
Foto aus dem Deutschen Mudeum in München – credit: Clemens PFEIFFER, Vienna)

Scanseri_4c_offset
(Ryobi offset press, four colours – credit: Vohvelirauta)

1024px-Moody_Hall_computer_lab
(Computer lab, Moody Hall, James Madison University – credit: Ben Schumin)

Computer_server_rack
(Rack de Servidores. Ricardo Moctezuma López. Octubre 2006 – credit: ronK)

Internet_map_1024
Partial map of the Internet based on the January 15, 2005 data found on opte.org. Each line is drawn between two nodes, representing two IP addresses. The length of the lines are indicative of the delay between those two nodes. This graph represents less than 30% of the Class C  networks reachable by the data collection program in early 2005. Lines are color-coded according to their corresponding RFC 1918 allocation as follows: (Image: The Opte Project)

  • Dark blue: net, ca, us
  • Green: com, org
  • Red: mil, gov, edu
  • Yellow: jp, cn, tw, au, de
  • Magenta: uk, it, pl, fr
  • Gold: br, kr, nl
  • White: unknown

***

#pictorial #publishing #printing #digitalmedia #timeline

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